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About The Mexican Parrotlet

The Mexican Parrotlet is commonly known as a Mexican Blue Rumped Parrotlet or a Turquoise Rumped Parrotlet, it is a small parrot that is relatively common to spot in the area that they habitat, this is in the northwestern area of Mexico, specifically western Sinaloa or Durango and all the way up to Southern California. Unfortunately there have been recent declines in the amount of Mexican Parrotlets that are being seen, it is believed that they may be very endangered.

Open country as well as forest areas prone to light deciduous is what they favor, they enjoy arid tropical zones, especially near to the water. When it is not breeding season. They are generally spotted in flocks consisting of ten to forty birds, however, small groups or solitary pairs are spotted as well. There are times in which they are seen gathered with Half-moon Conures.

These hanging parrots have a green plumage that provides them with the perfect camouflage in the trees foliage where they spend the greater part of their days. The times in which they are generally most observed is when they are calling, when they fly to and from feeding and drinking sites, this is generally in the early mornings as well as in the evenings, and when they are foraging on the ground.

Juveniles or immatures look just identical to the adults, they are however not as brightly colored. The blue markings which are observed in adult male are mixed together with greens. The greenish suffusion that can be seen in the turquoise color of their rumps as well as under the wings is how young males are identified, there is only a trace of blue found in their primary coverts as well.

The male's plumage is mainly green, the sides of the head, forehead, abdomen and breast areas are paler and have a greenish-yellowish hue. There can sometimes be a slight bluish tinge on the abdomen. The upper tail feathers, lower back, shoulder feathers and under wing coverts are turquoise-blue. There is a pale blue hue to their primary wing feathers, their secondaries as well as their greater wing coverts. There is a pale horn colored mixed with a grey tinge on their bill. They have great eye rings that are narrow, their feet are great and their irises are dark brown.

Being as females do not have the blue markings that can be observed on a male, they are quite easy to identify. They also have a brighter shade of yellow in their underparts and these is no evident blue suffusion either. The underside of their tail or their flight also have no blue. The breast and abdomen plumage is more yellowish as well.

Their contact calls are very high pitched, their vocalizations are often described as screeches that are not too loud and rolling, ther are able to be heard at distances that are quite far. While they eat, they emit shrill monosyllabic calls. In nature, their diet consists of various seeds, ripe and half ripe fruits, berries and grass seeds.

Pet Training: Some Important Tips

Every one of us, want to have a special friend or a companion to spend our free time with them. A pet can be that special friend, we would like to spend our time with. So the animals which can be classified in the category of pets are those which are kept for our protection as well as for our company.

There are so many pets one can enjoy spending time with. The most famous pets include dogs, cats, parrots, hamsters, fish, mice and many more. It is good to have pets as it is medically proven that by spending time with pets, reduces stresses and tensions. To keep a pet and care for it is not an easy task. One has to be very careful with pets and understand their behaviors and gestures as they cant speak the language that we can understand but some of them do understand our actions and try to do what we want them to do.

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To make the pets learn different things like developing habits of eating, jumping, repeating the words and so many like that. It is a must for pet trainer that he must understand the nature of every animal pet. As pet training is a difficult task as it needs extensive knowledge of pets behaviors in response to different actions. So let us discuss some of the basics of pet training, which are explained below.



Communicate with your pet. As we all know that communication can be verbal and non-verbal. In case of pet animals, we use non-verbal communication to try to communicate our message to them.Try to learn the language of pets, and the gestures that they understand. Once you get that it will be a lot easier to communicate with your pet as we all know that every animal pet understands specific sounds and gestures and give their reactions accordingly.Be playful with pets. Try to train them by involving them in physical activities that they understand and love to be a part of them. If we take the example of dogs, they love physical activities like bringing the stick back, kicking the ball, jump over different obstacles etc.

Get familiar with the nature of pet animals like parrots are good at repeating the same words one speak in front of him. It is in the nature of parrots to produce sounds which humans can understand, as they vocal cords are so perfectly designed to produce so many multiple sounds. So it is quite a fun activity to see parrots repeating your words exactly the same way you spoke them. So these are some pet training basics that one should know, prior to training a pet. As every pet has its own specialty, and to take that special thing out of them is to train them properly, if you really want to enjoy the company of your pets.

Manage Your Pets Health!

Pet owners always look out for the easy way to feed their pets. However, most of the pet owner does not pay much attention to the nutrients and because of which the pet become week and pale. Nutrition is one of the most important factors that are directly proportional to the health of the pet. If you are unaware of the food and supplement that are must for the holistic development of the pet and to help you we bring you detailed and complete information on how you can provide nutritious diet.



A lot of thing depend on the activity of the dog, some dogs breed eat more food while some eat little less therefore, it is important to give your pet diet which is more nutritious and healthy. Therefore it is important to give you pet diet which improve its health and over all well being. One can easily find the difference between the pet which is well bred which will reflect through its appearance and activity. Pet Nutrition is one of the imperative of dog health so without much ado let just quickly review the food that are essential for overall development o the dogs health.

Power food for pets
Red meat is feast for the dogs therefore it is advised to give your pet, as this would not only give then energy but it will also keep then satiated for long. One can easily buy different products that are doing the round in the market place. It is recommended to buy the product that are genuine and trust worthy. One can easily buy health supplements that are especially made for the pet in order to maintain health of the pet. Buy food item that are mild on the stomach of the pet. It is advised to read the information that is given on the pack. Food rich in omega fatty acid are very beneficial for health of dog. If your pet is allergic to some food items the one must avoid giving such food to pets.

Things to keep in mind when buying packed food
Make sure to buy the food item from genuine and trustworthy sites. Dont get enticed by the deals and discounts that are being offered by various providers. It is recommended to buy products that are 100% safe.

Combine different health products in order to make wholesome meal for your pet. If you are taking supplements for the first time then make sure to read the review of the product in order to have complete and detailed information about the product.


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Why Pacific Parrotlets Are Such Great Alternatives To Large Parrots

Owning parrots as pets has been popular for hundreds of years due to their bold personalities and beautiful colors. However, since many of the larger species can be quite loud, screaming, screeching, and shouting to get attention, they have gotten a bad reputation as being unneighborly and hard to control. Most of the larger birds also chew on everything making them difficult to allow to roam inside the house. There are some other species that are much easier to raise, almost never noisy, but still have that great personality that most people are looking for. These are called the Pacific Parrotlets, a smaller yet still beautiful parrot that you're sure to love.

It's Best To Buy Them As 2 Week Old Babies

There are several reasons why this is done, first of all, the mother birds lay more than 4 eggs at a time but can really only care for 2 or 3 babies adequately. This leaves several of the later born babies to die due to neglect. By taking the oldest siblings from the nest, the mother will turn to the younger babies and care for them instead.

The other important factor is that baby Pacific Parrotlets have their eyes closed up until about 2 1/2 weeks old, then they tend to bond with the first thing they see as they open. If they bond with their mother, they'll be afraid of humans as a natural instinct. However, if they bond with their human owners, they'll be friendlier, easier to train, and lack any basic fears that they instinctually should have had.

Once You Get Your Parrotlets Home They'll Need Plenty Of Care

From age 2 weeks to about 8 weeks your new baby will need to be fed about every 4 hours or so. There is a special Parrotlet formula that you can buy at the pet store that supplies all of the nutrients that it will need to thrive and grow.

You'll want to mix the formula in slightly larger batches so that it maintains its warmer temperature until you have fed the baby all that it desires. At about 8 or 9 weeks the bird will begin refusing the formula more often and that's an indication that it's time to start feeding it solid foods. They love thawed frozen mixed vegetables, fruits, and nuts to start with, but there are many other foods they love as well.

You should avoid feeding the birds foods with high salt content, avocados, chocolate, caffeine, alcohol or most processed foods that are bad for humans too. They should always have plenty of fresh water to drink, and it should be changed regularly.

Parrotlets Don't Need Constant Interaction With Their Humans

Larger parrots need to be played with daily or they'll scream and yell constantly for attention. Pacific Parrotlets will play on their own more often, especially if they have a large cage and some toys to entertain themselves.

If you've always wanted find and purchase a parrotlet bird for sale but were annoyed at some of the antics of the larger parrots, then you'll surely fall in love with the Parrotlets. For the most part the different names of the birds come from their colors, so the Pacific is blue of course. They make great pets and can keep you company for hours per day with their playful antics.

Easy Ways To Effectively Train Your Dog



Dog training builds a healthy relationship with you and your pet. Dog training has its ups and downs and the more armed you are with knowledge, the less fazed you will be in your endeavor. Arm yourself with the tips from the following article to help you in training your dog.

The best tip anyone can offer with regards to dog training is be the alpha. Dogs are looking for their human masters to be the pack leader. At all expense display confidence, firmness, and do not, under any circumstances show them weakness. They naturally want to follow a strong leader, so make sure that you present yourself as such.

If your dog is misbehaving, try to determine why. It is important to work out why your dog is doing what it does. Knowing the reason for poor behavior can make training significantly easier. It is far more difficult to correct an action that you do not fully understand the reasoning behind.

Always be kind and patient with your dog. Understand that training dogs can be frustrating since some dogs have a more difficult time learning obedience than others. Always try not to lose your temper and resist the urge to scream or shout at your dog. Also, never hit your dog as this will only serve to confuse it and will actually make training more difficult.

Throughout your dog's training program, continue to play with them as much as possible. Interacting through games and activities is one way to bond with your pet and relieve stress. Dogs respond much better to people they trust, so go out and throw a ball, play tug of war or just rub their belly.

If you have a focal point for your dog to pay attention to, he will ignore all other distractions he would normally be tempted to watch. With enough training, you will have your dog focusing solely on your signals.

When choosing a new dog for your household, it is a good idea to do some research on different breeds of dogs. This will help you find some that are suited for you and your lifestyle so the dog can be a part of your family for many years to come.

When doing a training session with your dog, set a specific goal for that session. When you reach that goal, end the session, even if you were planning on going longer. This helps keep both you and your dog focused on the results, as well as ensuring that each session ends on a positive note.

End each training session positively. Even if your dog has not mastered the skill you are working on, end each training session with a skill they know and praise him profusely. This ensures that each training session ends on a positive note and is a positive memory for your dog.

Consistency is key when training a dog. When you have a whole family in the house, they should all use the same training techniques. Your puppy will learn quickly if you only use a few different words and always expect the same behavior.

If you don't want your new puppy to chew on your belongings, take ownership of them and keep them out of his reach. A new puppy is naturally inclined to chew, and a fresh shoe or purse can look very inviting. If you only keep items that the puppy is allowed to have within his reach, your valuables will remain safe.

If you want your dog to bond with a favorite toy, such as a lovey or chewing object, make the toy a treat. Filling the toy with a wonderful smell or treat, such as peanut butter, can make it very enticing for your pup. If the toy is a kong style, fill it with his kibble for meals.

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One of the key factors in successfully training a dog is the commitment to devote sufficient time to the practice and to stick with a consistent schedule. Dogs learn best through repetition and consistent training. Spending even a small bit of time with the dog can show it that you are reliable. He'll know you're the boss and respect your command.

Dog Trainer

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

It's imperative that your dog pay attention to you. The above article has offered many tips to help with dog training. Keep at it. Don't abandon your efforts if your dog takes a while to learn. To produce an obedient dog, repetition and time is essential and knowledge about effective techniques is critical.

Must Have Tips And Tricks For Effective Dog Training



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Dog training can be a learning experience for your dog, but you can also learn other important things, as well. This article can help you make the most of training your dog. You will find that your time spent training your dog will have benefits for both of you, for years to come.

Training your dog is one of the most beneficial things you can do for your pet. Teach your dog one command at a time. Tell your dog to sit, and when they do, give them a treat. Once they have mastered one command, you can move on to the next. Training your dog will provide a more peaceful relationship between you and your pet. Your dog will know that you are in command, and listen to what you want them to do.

If your dog is misbehaving, try to determine why. It is important to work out why your dog is doing what it does. Knowing the reason for poor behavior can make training significantly easier. It is far more difficult to correct an action that you do not fully understand the reasoning behind.

Watch your demeanor when you are training your dog. You need to remain calm, but assertive at all times. Do not show anger or raise your voice. If you do this, your dog will require you to shout commands in order to follow them, if this is how he is trained.

When you are working on commands with your dog, work only on one command at a time, and only say the command one time. Do not say the command word more than once. Your goal is for your dog to obey the command immediately. You don't want to have to say the same thing over and over.

When you are first starting out in training your dog, try to schedule the training sessions to take place at about the same time every day. If you are making the training sessions a positive experience and doing them on a schedule, your dog will start to look forward to the sessions and enjoy them more.

After each training session, spend a few minutes playing your dogs favorite game with him. If you do this every time, your dog will know it's coming after the training sessions and will be excited when it comes time for your daily session. The more excited he is, the better he'll do.

You should always say commands in the same tone and volume. The dog will know you're telling them what to do that way. It also helps them understand the differences between a sharp punishing tone and a sharp non-punishing tone.

Have flexibility when training your dog. Be willing to vary or change a routine if it isn't working. You may need to try different locations or times of day. You may need to adjust the duration of your training schedule if it is too long a session, or too short.

Calling your dog by name is one of the most powerful tools you have in your dog training arsenal. Every time you use your dog's name, you reinforce a positive relationship between yourself and your pet. The more you use your dog's name, the more you reinforce a positive relationship between the two of you.

Is your dog eating a nutritionally-sound diet? A bad diet can really change the behavior of even the best dogs. Change your dog's food if you need to. Consult a vet for information about what foods your dog should be eating.

Build your dog's attention span by increasing challenges. If your dog knows a command well at home try it outside on a quiet sidewalk. If he succeeds at these tasks consistently bring him to a more noisy area like the park. This builds up his attention span and increases his likelihood of listening to you around chaos.

Your dog needs attention but you need to show him affection or play in a way that trains him to see you as the leader. When a dog tries to get you to pet him constantly or asks you to throw a ball for hours, it may be because he assumes he is your leader. Ignoring his requests for constant attention, and ignoring the ball until you are ready, helps him to understand who is in charge.

Train your dog by keeping the leash lax. A tight leash will cause the dog to instinctively pull, which will make him feel restricted. A loose leash will give your dog a somewhat limited sense of freedom, which will be a positive thing when you begin training him and he feels like he has pleased you.

The way to train a dog is to be consistent with your training. It is important to pick one style of training and stick with it. Consistency in the method of training is just one step. You must also consistently train your dog. Taking breaks in training confuses your dog and training will take longer.

Do not attempt to handle dangerous situations alone. If your dog is exhibiting behavior that is threatening to yourself or others, you must remember your responsibility as a pet owner. An evaluation by an animal behavior professional will be invaluable in guiding you through challenging situations. It will also ensure everybody involved is safe.

To really get your dog to be obedient, love your pooch. Baiting with rewards for behavior reinforcement and then eventually removing those rewards is a tactic that works. However, a dog that knows he is truly loved is more likely to follow commands because he feels you have his best interests at heart.

Spaying or neutering your dog can stop a lot of behavioral problems before they even start. Territorial marking, inappropriate soiling and even aggression can be a result of sexual maturation. By neutering or spaying your animals, you can stop your animal from roaming if they ever get out of your house by accident. Spaying and neutering is relatively painless with modern veterinary technology, and your dog will benefit from it for life.

As was stated previously, dog training can be a learning experience for you and your dog. By taking the advice in this article to heart, you can ensure a bond between your dog and yourself. This time will be well spent and create a friendship that will benefit the both of you.

Keeping Tropical Fish - A Brand New Adventure?

Did you know that the keeping fish dates back to antiquity? It might be true however only recently has the activity ended up being popular among all age groups.

Have you joined the thousands of people who have recently added to the popularity of keeping tropical fish? It has become popular as lots of homes now have at least a little fish tank amongst its furnishings. They might include a couple of goldfish in a small cold water fish tank or they might include numerous vibrant fish swimming about in large aquariums.

Your aquarium is probably one of 3 different types: cold water, warm water (heated) or marine. If you are keeping tropical fish, you likely have a heated aquarium. Keep in mind, tropical fish come from the tropics where it's warm. The Amazon, Africa and the South Asia are where most exotic fish originated.

Keeping the aquarium at the right temperature level is absolutely critical for the fish to thrive. There are many different heaters available to help you achieve this control. Some of which are as follows.

Ebo Jager; excellent and very reliable heater. Ebo Jager is one of the best heaters. The only negatives with Ebo Jager are price and a poor return policy when the rare defective heater does occur.

Via Aqua; while not as well known in some parts of North America, this heater is well known & popular in the Western USA. The Via Aqua heater is among the best in reliability, yet is one of the more affordable with a more gracious return policy when a defective heater does occur.

Hagen Fluval Tronic Submersible Heater; is a reliable heater, albeit a little pricey compared to the Via Aqua, but just as reliable and quite accurate.

Jetsu Submersible Glass Heater; new heater only recently launched in 2015. Submersible Glass Aquarium Heater at www.jetsu.technology. The Jetsu comes with a 1 year warranty, no questions, guarantee which is the best returns policy of all of the manufacturers. Jetsu offer the warranty as their heaters are very reliable and the price is good too.

Generally most manufacturers of quartz/glass and titanium submersible heaters will state in their directions that the heater should be mounted in the aquarium vertically for the reason to keep water from compromising the seal at the top, this is really only a corporate liability statement as most well-made glass submersible heaters such as the Via Aqua Glass/Quartz Heaters will be perfectly fine angled to fit in short aquariums or outdoor patio ponds. However it is recommended to keep a vertical aquarium mount whenever possible.

A lot of pet and fish stores have all in one plans that consist of everything you need to begin: aquarium, stand, lights, filter, gravel and heater and other ornamental additions. If you're just beginning, this is an excellent way to go given that you will conserve cash over buying all the elements individually.

Be sure to ask the store for suggestions on which fish are the hardiest and simplest fish to keep. These may include tetras, danios, barbs, Livebearers and Cordyoras. Also, don't include a lot of fish at a time as the fish tank needs time to grow and get "broken in". The tank needs time to establish the germs needed to break down the fish's waste.

Finally, a smart idea is to visit your library or go on the web to learn more about keeping fish effectively. There are numerous books and sites which can offer a wealth of exotic fish keeping details. A good tank, kept effectively can give you and your family hours of enjoyment and relaxation.

How to Control Weeds in your Organic garden

Weeds can be annoying to a gardener especially because they keep recurring. In our earlier feature we tackled the benefits of using weeds as a food source for pets such as rabbits or human consumption and it all begins with investing in some appropriate rabbit hutch plans to build an outdoor hutch for your rabbit with a good feeding area. Most gardeners will result to chemical treatments to deal with the weeds. However, as discussed in pest control methods like using a wasp trap, the focus of any organic garden should be control using organic/ natural methods without involvement of chemicals. Chemical removal of weeds has led to irreparable damage to soils, crops, and rivers due to pollution. Organic gardening encompasses the use of natural methods of farming that encompass soil, use of organic fertilizers, and the perfect balance between nature and the garden to produce a nutritionally dense and rich crop for human consumption. In fact, building a bug hotel for beneficial insects will balance nature by adding to biodiversity and impart all the benefits of insects in your garden.

The control methods involve the use of natural methods to control the weeds rather than completely annihilate the weeds. There are a few methods of weed control that can be classified as: cultural, mechanical, chemical, and natural method of weed control. It is important to note that preparation of your garden plays a big role in reducing the number of weeds. In some cases, certain mineral deficiencies are responsible for weakening the crops making it more susceptible to competition by weed. However, the best defense against weeds and the competition that results is the preparation of your garden, the mineral balance of your soil, and eventually, the type of crop you have grown. The role of insects and pests in organic gardening and sometimes pest control has been discussed in the past. Currently, more organic gardeners are growing weed resistant crops that are not susceptible to choking caused by weeds.

There are many options of weed control available to farmers depending on the type of farming they prefer. Of course the best way especially for an organic gardener is the use of natural methods of weed control.

• Cultural weed control – One of the easiest ways to control weeds is through prevention or cultural control. Close planting in the garden can reduce weed growth by eliminating open space. Cover crops are good for this as well. Adding mulch will prevent light from getting to weed seeds and prevents growth.

• Mechanical weed control – Mechanical control of common weed plants can be accomplished through hand pulling, hoeing, digging or mowing (which slows growth and reduces seed formation). While these methods are effective, they can be time consuming.

• Chemical weed control – Since many weeds, like dodder, ivy and kudzu, can become aggressive to the point of taking over, chemical control is sometimes necessary, and used normally a last resort. There are numerous herbicides, like glyphosate, available to help eliminate common weed plants.

• Natural weed control – Generally, invasive weeds are well worth the trouble of removal. However, some weeds can actually be quite attractive in the garden, so why not consider allowing them to stay. This more natural weed control method results in a lush native environment when given their own designated spot. Some of these ‘good weeds’ include:

a) Joe-pye weed – tall stems of vanilla-scented rose-colored flower clusters

b) Chicory – brilliant blue flowers

c) Hawkweed – daisy-like blooms on fuzzy stems

d) Queen Anne’s lace – lacy white, umbrella-shaped flower heads.

As discussed earlier, natural weed control is the best form of weed control. The natural methods of weed control involve the following options:

1. Mulching

Mulch is a covering that blocks daylight and inhibits growth under it. Cover the soil between your plants and along rows. Keep the mulch a few inches from the base of your plants to also discourage insect invasions. For mulch, you can use materials such as wheat straw, shredded leaves, or other organic matter. Layer it on the ground about 2 inches thick.

For persistent or numerous weeds, try covering the area with dampened newspaper (black ink only) and then cover with 2 inches of mulch. Around the bases of trees and shrubs, consider covering the ground with landscape fabric and then mulch.

2. Cover Crop

In some situations, you can use a cover crop to block weeds. See our list of cover crops suitable for growing in various regions of the U.S. and Canada.

3. Pull

For better or worse, you need to manually pull out most weeds. Wear waterproof gloves and consider a comfortable sitting pad for extensive weeding. The trick to pulling weeds is to get the root out as well. Weeds will slide out of the soil easier when the soil is wet—and when the weeds are young. Pull the weed from its base (close to the soil line); if you miss the root, try using a fork to gently pry the plant out of the ground, roots and all.

4. Dig

If your weeds regrow, then you have a persistent root that you need to dig out. Use a spade or digging fork to dig up persistent weeds by the roots. Remove as many root pieces as you can. While weeding, hold the trowel vertically (like a child holding a crayon) to eliminate strain on your wrist.

5. Chop

If digging out weeds is difficult for you, at least resolve to keep them from setting seed. Chop off their heads once a week!

Sourced from: http://www.almanac.com/content/weed-control-techniques 6. Close Spacing

Once vegetable plants are established, if they have been planted close enough to each other, they will shade the soil and prevent the growth of many weed seedlings. This is the effect achieved by a well-planned raised bed, in which plants are spaced so that the foliage of adjacent plants touches and forms a closed canopy at a mature growth stage.

Sourced from: https://ag.arizona.edu/pubs/garden/mg/vegetable/weed.html